The Rules of Snooker – EXPLAINED!

The Rules of Snooker – EXPLAINED!

Ninh explains, the Rules of Snooker
The object of the game is for you to win more frames than your opponent. Snooker is a game that’s usually played
between two people, and to win a frame, you must score more points than your opponent. To score, you must use a wooden cue to hit
a white ball (known as a cue ball), into a coloured ball and for that ball to go into
any of the pockets on the table. This is known as ‘potting the ball’.
The table is roughly 12ft by 6ft, and the amount of points vary depending on the colour
of the ball being potted. The 15 Red balls on the table are worth 1
point each. The Yellow ball is worth 2 points.
The Green ball: 3 points. The Brown Ball: 4 points
The Blue Ball: 5 points The Pink Ball: 6 points
and the Black ball is worth the maximum of 7 points.
In Snooker, the rules stipulate that you must hit a red ball on the table.
If you manage to pot a red ball, you are then given free choice to pot a different coloured
ball to add more points to your total score. If you successfully pot a coloured ball after
a red, you score the relevant number of points, and the coloured ball is put back onto the
table. The entire process begins again, and you will
be allowed to try and get another red ball into one of the pockets.
If at any point you fail to pot the relevant ball, it is the end of your turn and you opponent
will be given the chance to aim for a red ball so that they can score themselves.
Once all red balls have been potted, you must aim for the rest of the coloured balls in
ascending order. The highest score after the black ball has
been potted … wins. Games will usually played to the best of 11,
15 or 17 frames. Winning more frames than your opponent wins
you the game. That sounds a bit too simple. There’s more
isn’t there? You guessed it! There’s a lot of things
you cannot do in Snooker. You cannot touch any of the balls with anything
except your cue. You cannot pot the cue-ball, accidentally
or otherwise. You cannot hit an incorrect coloured ball
out of turn. You cannot hit any of the balls off the table.
You cannot hit the cueball twice in one stroke. and you cannot move a touching ball.
These infractions result in a foul, and your opponent will be awarded 4 points and the
next shot. Fouls can also be awarded 5,6 or 7 points
for fouls involving the blue, pink or black balls respectively.
Snooker is a very strategic game, and that’s basically the rules in a nutshell, but there’s
a few things you’ll need to understand before playing or watching a game. For example:
Cannon – A cannon is where a player hits the cue-ball to contact more than one ball.
This is usually a strategic play to leave the cue-ball in a favourable position for
the next shot. Touching ball – If the cue-ball is touching
another ball, the referee will call ‘touching ball’. You must play your next shot without
moving this ball, otherwise a foul will be called against you.
Snookered – You can strategically hit the cue ball to make it difficult for your opponent
to hit the next required ball. When a ball is blocking a shot to the next required ball,
this is known as being ‘snookered’ and makes the next shot very difficult for your
opponent. Foul and a miss. – If a player fouls and
fails to hit the required colour ball, the opponent will be awarded 4 points (or more),
and has free choice to play the next shot where the balls lie … or have the balls
reset to their previous positions and to make the offending player try that shot again.
Free ball – If a player fouls and leaves the cue ball in a snookered position, he is
eligible to declare a ‘free ball’. He can pot any coloured ball and will only score
one point for it. However, he will retain the next shot, so
this is usually a strategic play to stay on the table.
Conceding – If a player does not think that he has a realistic chance to win the frame,
or realises that there isn’t enough points on the table to get a win, the player can
concede defeat and a new frame will start. Conceding is usually done verbally, or by
not returning to the table when it’s your shot.
Maximum Break (147) – The maximum you can score in one trip to the table is 147 points.
This involves potting a red, then potting a black, repeating this process 15 times,
and then proceeding to pot the colours in order without fouling.
If you manage to do this, this is known as a maximum break, or a 147. And is the equivalent
of a perfect game in 10 pin bowling or pitching a perfect game in baseball.
It’s not impossible, just rare. Snooker is a popular game worldwide, and once
you’ve played or watched a few games, the rules will become clear.
If you have found this video at all helpful, please like, share and subscribe.
It takes me ages to make one of these things and good karma is very much appreciated.
Be sure to follow me on Twitter also, but in the meantime, enjoy Snooker! Ninh Ly, @NinhLyUK,

100 Comments on “The Rules of Snooker – EXPLAINED!”

  1. Here is a response to the conspiracy nuts wearing tin foil hats indicating that the maximum break is actually 155.
    Under normal conditions, the maximum break is 147. This is widely considered fact and is taken as the maximum that a player can score by himself, without the assistance of fouls.
    Once you start adding fanciful and unrealistic scenarios that a pro player would foul on the black on the very first shot (they wouldn't) or be given a free ball near to the start of the game (unlikely), some uneducated individuals insist that the maximum break is 155. This has never happened in the history of professional snooker.

    But then you can take it hypothetically further … a player fouls on the black on the very first shot, the other player asks him to repeat the shot, he fouls on the black again, the other player asks him to repeat the shot, he fouls on the black AGAIN, but this time, the other player comes to the table and then scores the maximum 147. This leaves the final score 168 – 0.

    So therefore the maximum break is 168.
    Or is it 175?
    Or is it 770?

    Has this ever happened? Nope.

  2. I've watched enough games I had a good idea of the point values but I wasn't aware of the foul scoring so thank you for the ez to understand detailed explanation

  3. I saw a video where a player potted the black ball, but then a red ball also rolled into another pocket. He sat down and the other player then shot. Also, the other player (not the one who made the black and red) was awarded 7 points. Can you explain the rule(s) that happened there?

  4. Thank you for explaining. Also I once pitched a perfect game, and it was great. Next game though I was complete trash.

  5. Being an American that grew up playing pool in bars. When I first saw a Snooker video I had no idea what the hell was going on….Watched a few more videos and started to get the gist of it. But this video cleared up lots of confusion on my part 🙂

  6. Hi ninh. I have question for your knowings or just seeing if you know.
    How many 147's has Ronnie O'sullivan scored. Also i will tell you the Ronnie has the fastest 147 break. I think you'll find it was in 2002 when Ronnie made a 147 break in 5 minutes 20 seconds. Intresting hey?

  7. I have just worked out 1:54 Mark Allen so unlucky. I have worked out that he just lost the match by accidently potting the cue ball.

  8. pushing, a foul. when the cue tip is in contact with the q ball while the q ball is in contact a colored ball. when you play the q ball, didnt hit it hard enough and poke it again, a double hit, a foul.

  9. Any possible points that a player may have been awarded before the break is not part of the break. So even if the final score is higher, the maximum break is still 147.

  10. Can anyone please clarify the following TWO situations for me, as I'm unable to find a definitive rule:
    Scenario 1:
    The blue ball in 'on'. The cue ball first strikes the blue ball but then proceeds to strike and pot the pink ball. Is this a 5 or 6 point penalty?
    Scenario 2:
    The blue ball in 'on'. The cue ball first strikes the blue ball but then proceeds to strike and and go in-off the pink ball. Is this a 5 or 6 point penalty?

  11. Knowing how to play snooker is one thing, actually being able to play snooker successfully is quite another.
    Apparently the two most frustrating games in the world are played with a stationary ball, snooker & golf.

  12. I wished I knew the rules to this game back in 1987 when the REC room I went to had a Snooker table. Alas, I don't play pool anymore.

  13. is it a foul if a color ball is pocketed while trying to pocket a red ball even though the red ball is touched first?

  14. This was the most informative video I’ve ever watched, the only tutorial video I’ve understood ever! Great work

  15. How about a video on English Billiards, there are no good videos on YouTube to my knowledge. I saw good explanation of 3 carom.

  16. I think you've left out at least one rule. I've heard commentators say after a player has been snookered and failed to hit a red, "if he misses it one more time he'll forfeit the frame." How does that work? Also, I think the instance of a "free Ball" needs further explaining with examples.

  17. If you had a Foul & a Miss, leaving the cueball snookered, how can you call a Free Ball if your opponent makes you retake the shot? Also, when you say 3:35 "he can pot any colored ball", do you mean any ball that's not red? Thanks for teaching us.

  18. very helpful, played billiards (8 and 9 Ball) all the time and Snooker seemed kind of confusing but this video was pretty easy to understand and I have a grasp on how Snooker is played

  19. I have been playing pool since I was 10 years old (32 years ago) and always wanted to a quick lesson on Snooker.  Thanks!

  20. The brown ball should be orange and the pin ball should be purple… for a better visual aesthetic.

  21. tnx mate! , I have a doubt though, What if I pot a colored ball and the Que ball simultaneously. Would it be a foul or I would get the score, not the turn or nothing for me and 4 points for my opponent?

  22. Question – Is it okay if a colored ball gets hit as long as you hit the intended object ball first, whether it be a red ball or colored ball, and what if that colored ball gets potted, is it a foul? Also, can you do any combos? Like a red to a red, or a colored to a colored?

  23. 2:04 so do you mean you can't let the cue ball hit another ball, say if you were hitting to cue ball into a red ball as in intended but then it hits another red ball would that not be allowed? Or does it mean you can't hit the cue ball with your stick more than once, which of course that wouldn't be allowed.

  24. Back in the 1980's I used to play snooker on an eight ball table. I found it a little easier with a smaller surface! I guess that's a form of cheating.😀

  25. Excellent job explaining! Very clear and well put.
    One tiny correction: A snooker is when the cue ball cannot "see" any object ball whatsoever. In a free ball situation, it is called when less than 100% of an object ball can be "seen".

  26. Excellent video. I have spent a lot of time, in the past, trying to explain snooker, and now I know there is an excellent resource out there

    I have therefore, saved this video to its own playlist so it's quick and simple to find. I will share it with anybody who needs to know.

  27. God bless America are the pockets small on a snooker table. I can appreciate the skill involved. At least I now understand some of the rules. They are about as complicated as I imagined. And then everyone is talking about Cricket being the next game to learn. I keep thinking about the British Comic Jimmy Carr saying how fricking boring that game is. But I am sure in reality it's pure excitement.

  28. One, very minor, point. At 1:25 you say, "Once all the red balls have been potted you must aim for the rest of the colored balls in order." But, once you pot the final red ball you can still aim at any colored ball regardless of order to fulfill the first red then any color progression. That single odd point in a game has been confused by professional referees.

  29. Finally someone explains this damn game to me. The YouTube algorithm randomly started showing me snooker videos and I had no idea wtf I was watching :/

  30. What is meant by required snookers? I know what a snooker is, but why are a certain number of these shots requirdd to be played?

  31. i've beeb getting videos of snooker on my faceboon recentely , i got amazed by how people score points and so on , but never understood how it goes untill i watched ur video . thank you 😍

  32. I wasn't to sure how this game worked. It all makes sense now thank you. Also seen on Facebook a guy that successfully pulled a 147 off and my guess to that was that he had scored the maximum amount of points.

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