Sport and Exercise Sciences – 3rd year dissertation poster presentations

Sport and Exercise Sciences – 3rd year dissertation poster presentations


My name’s Jade Samford and I do Sport and
Exercise Sciences and for my third year dissertation project I’ve done a service evaluation of
the Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals trust Phase 3 cardiovascular rehabilitation
programme that’s offered at City Hospital in Birmingham. Cardiovascular disease is a
leading cause of mortality in the United Kingdom and cardiac rehabilitation is put into place
as a secondary prevention with the aims of restoring patients’ health from their disease
condition and also ensuring that their quality of life is brought back to what it was previously.
So the aim of this study was to basically see if the cardiac rehabilitation programme
they offer at City Hospital was effective and see whether there were any differences
between sex, ethnicity and also the intervention of the patients. We had 94 patients in total
all of them were referred to the outpatients for cardiac rehab at CH and they all underwent
assessment before they started their exercise training sessions. These assessments were
anthropometric so we measure age, weight, height and body mass index. We also did some
cardiovascular assessments which included resting heart rate, resting blood pressure,
heart rate maximum during exercise and then heart rate recovery and blood pressure recovery
at one minute and five minutes post exercise. Exercise capacity was determined by incremental
shuttle walk test. Patients had to complete 24 exercise training sessions and then we
did follow up measures. What we found was there was a significant increase in the number
of shuttles which patients completed after cardiac rehab. There was also significant
increase in heart rate recover at one minute and five minutes post exercise. There was
no difference in anthropometric measures at follow-up and there was also no difference
in blood pressure at follow-up either. These findings are quite encouraging, we’re showing
that patients can walk further after cardiac rehabilitation and also that they have a greater
reduction in heart rate after exercise, which is really good. We can use these findings
as well for best practice in development of cardiovascular rehabilitation at City Hospital
Birmingham. My name’s Alex and for my third year dissertation
as part of my Sport and Exercise Sciences degree I looked at matching energy intake
to energy expenditure during different intensity exercise bouts. So basically we got people
to do a VO2 max test. So they run as hard as they can so we can work out their fitness
levels. Then we get them to run at 60% or 90% of their VO2 max. Both energy bouts were
expending the exact same amount of energy, 450 calories. From there we asked them to
consume food to the same amount of what they thought that they and give us an estimation
of what they had expended. So we found that, actually, a lower intensity or moderate intensity
[exercise bout] causes people to, first of all, think that they’ve expended less energy
and consume less energy compared to higher intensities. This has implication on people
trying to lose weight. So if choose a moderate intensity exercise bout it might actually
cause a greater weight loss compared to higher intensities.
My name is Simon Franklin and I was looking at the effect of footwear on foot strike in
middle- and long-distance. Basically we got runners into the lab and focused on kinematics
associated between barefoot running and running in shoes. We used our motion capture system
that we have in the kinesiology lab to focus on differences in technique and style associated
between running in barefoot and running in shoes. The results we found from this were
that middle distance runners, as they are used to running more quickly and with more
fore-foot strike which is associated with barefoot running, that there was very little
difference between running barefoot and running in shoes. Whereas in longer distance runners
they normally adopt a rear-foot strike and therefore running barefoot changes this and
there are significant difference between the two conditions. Therefore, this has implications
on the recommendation for middle- distance and long-distance runners as there is little
difference between barefoot and shod in middle distance runners, the benefits which they’ll
get from doing barefoot will be very limited. Whereas for long-distance runners, if they
switch to running barefoot, this may alter their kinematics so they can be beneficial
for their performance. My name’s Laura Bowen and I’m currently in
my third year studying Sport and Exercise Sciences. My project was looking at how maximal
and dynamic strength predicts sprint, shuttle and jump performance in young elite footballers
at Aston Villa Academy. It was based on a previous study which looked at maximal strength
and sprint and jump variables in adult elite footballers. We tested 12 players. They did
the one rep and three rep max dead lifts. They did two ten-metre sprints, two ten-metre
shuttles and three counter-movement jumps. We didn’t find any relationship in the results
for the one rep max or the three rep max predicted sprint, shuttle or jump. This could have been
due to the fact that the players had never had any strength training before so they didn’t
know how to maximally produce force. It also could be due to that fact that they all had
different maturity levels. So, it might have affecting their functional capacity. What
we did find was maximal and dynamic strength was strongly related to one another but the
sprint and shuttle were only moderately related and the jump didn’t predict either sprint
or shuttle. This suggest that we picked the wrong test to test sprint and jump and that
also sprint and jump can’t be grouped together in young elite footballers. In future what
we are going to do is use this dissertation as a baseline and do a strength training intervention
for a number of weeks and then test them again to then see if a relationship exists.
My name’s Scott Powell, I’m a third year Sport and Exercise pupil. I’ve recently finished
my third year dissertation project which is looking coaches and athletes motivation in
a grassroots football setting. What we specifically wanted to look at was the antecedence of coaches’
specific styles. So whether they used controlling styles or autonomy-supportive styles. Autonomy
supportive styles are where you are offering your athletes choice and provision and this
is very adaptive. Whereas controlling behaviour is where you give your athletes rewards or
you may be threatening them, which is obviously mal-adaptive to their athletes motivation.
So we used a questionnaire which measured a lot of variables for the motivational climate
and we specifically found that a coach’s basic psychological need was associated with their
autonomy-supportive style. So therefore you can conclude that the club environment should,
sort of, create an environment where these needs can be satisfied and therefore your
coach is more likely to use more adaptive coaching styles, which is autonomy-supportive.
I also investigated for the perceived pressures in the environment had any effect on the coach’s
style. We found no significant results in this area but this may be because we looked
at a grassroots sample. Future research may look in a more competitive area of sport,
so academy performers where there was high pressure and see whether this affects the
coaching styles of those coaches.

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